In my earlier post knowing the speaking task I explained in detail the three phases in of IELTS listening test. Keep in your mind that you must prepare for the test otherwise you might be stuck as I was in my exam.
Prepare for all three phases differently. First, do the process of thinking, try to be in the language and than start making your mind maps for phase 2 and 3. Keep your dictionary with you, try to use http://www.thesaurus.com/ for building your vocabulary. In fact it is a very good source for knowing the synonyms.
Now come to the assessment criteria. It is very necessary to know it in detail so that you must prepare according to it. There are four points on which your speaking is assessed.
- Fluency and coherence
- Lexical resource
- Grammatical range and accuracy
First is fluency and coherence. It is a flow of your talk in continuous and natural way without too much hesitation. It comes with lots of practice. Remember, everyone makes mistakes and hesitates but practice makes you eloquent. It also includes organization of your ideas in a logical order using appropriate linking devices (including linking words, pronouns and conjunctions, etc.)
Second is the lexical resource is the range of accurate and appropriate vocabulary you use to express yours ideas. If you do not remember a particular word try to use synonyms or explain that particular word.
Third is a grammatical range and accuracy. It means you talk in a correct tense. You must know where you need to use present, past or future tense.
Forth is pronunciation which is your ability to speak in a clear and easy way which can be understood easily.
You can only develop all this with continuous and lots of practice. Record and assess yourself. One more thing, reading, writing, listening and speaking are based on each other. All these skills are interlinked so you must give equal time for each skill as one skill helps in polishing the other three skills.
Good Luck and be confident!